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The Spine

Spine Anatomy

Find out more in this web based movie.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative spinal conditions are a group of disorders that causes loss of normal structure and function of the spine.

For more information about Degenerative Disc Disease, click on below tabs.

Herniated Disc

Herniated disc is a condition in which the outer fibers (annulus) of the intervertebral disc are damaged causing the soft inner material of the nucleus pulposus to rupture out of its space.

For more information about Herniated disc (Lumbar), click on below tabs.


Kyphosis is a condition of abnormal curvature of the spine that causes rounding of the upper back or a hunchback. The thoracic portion of the spine normally has a “C”-shaped curve, but excessive forward curve in the spine leads to kyphosis.

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Degenerative spinal conditions are a group of disorders that causes loss of normal structure and function of the spine.

For more information about Osteoarthritis, click on below tabs.

Osteoporosis of the Spine

Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density resulting in brittle, fragile bones that are more susceptible to fractures. The condition most commonly affects elderly women.

For more information about Osteoporosis of the Spine, click on below tabs.


Sciatica is a painful condition caused by the irritation of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in our bodies. It begins in the lower back and extends through the buttocks down the back of each leg to the thighs and feet.

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Scoliosis is a condition characterized by abnormal curvature of the spine causing a deviation to one side. It causes a physical deformity making the spine look like the letter “C” or “S” instead of the letter “I”.

For more information about Scoliosis, click on below tabs.

Spinal Disorders

The spine is made up of a column of small bones called vertebrae that surround and protect the spinal cord and nerves that branch out from the spinal cord.

For more information about Spinal Disorders, click on below tabs.


Spondylolisthesis is the displacement of vertebral disc from the spinal column. Outward (forward) displacement is termed as anterolisthesis and inward (backward) displacement is termed as retrolisthesis.

For more information about Spondylolisthesis, click on below tabs.


Cervical spine refers to neck portion of spine, and cervical spine conditions may result from overuse injuries, trauma and certain diseases.

For more information about Stenosis, click on below tabs.


Spine trauma is damage to the spine caused from a sudden traumatic injury caused by an accidental fall or any other physical injury.

For more information about Trauma, click on below tabs.

Tumors of the Spine

Spine tumor is the abnormal growths of uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord. Tumors can either be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

For more information about Tumors of the Spine, click on below tabs.

Whiplash Injury

Whiplash is a soft tissue injury to the neck, usually caused by sudden forceful jerk commonly occurring as a result of an automobile accident, sports injuries, or an accidental fall.

For more information about Whiplash Injury, click on below tabs.

Treatment Options

Back and neck pain are common symptoms of injury, damage, deformity or unhealthy spinal conditions. Pain may range from a mild ache to a sharp shooting pain that can spread down your arms and legs.

For more information about Treatment Options, click on below tabs.

Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.